The Migration and Refugee Crisis in Political Discourse in Slovakia: Institutionalized Securitization and Moral Panic
Immigration was a minor political topic in Slovakia before the outbreak of the refugee crisis in Europe in 2015. However, security discourse with regard to migration was institutionalized and represents the dominant view of migration. This paper analyzes the institutional basis for the dominant security discourse in Slovakia, using the concept of moral panic. It argues that the dominance of security discourse results from a consensus among politicians about cultural questions connected to migration and from a technocratic consensus among security professionals, experts and politicians who prioritize the security view of migration.
Keywords: Slovakia; migration; European migrant crisis; political discourse; securitization; moral panic